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Over 1,000 Leaders Worldwide Call for End to “Disastrous” Drug War

Former Presidents of Mexico, Colombia, Brazil, Chile, Nigeria, Cape Verde, Switzerland & Poland; Former Prime Ministers of Greece, Hungary & The Netherlands Join With Distinguished Scholars, Jurists, Clergy, Business Leaders, Elected Officials, Celebrities and Others in Calling for Alternatives to Prohibitionist Drug Control Policies

“Humankind cannot afford a 21st century drug policy as ineffective and counter-productive as the last century’s,” – Letter Says

On the eve of the 2016 United Nations General Assembly Special Session (UNGASS) on the World Drug Problem, world leaders and activists have signed a letter to UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon urging him to set the stage “for real reform of global drug control policy.”

The unprecedented list of signatories includes a range of people from Senators Elizabeth Warren, Cory Booker and Bernie Sanders to businessmen Warren Buffett, George Soros, Richard Branson and Mo Ibrahim, actors Michael Douglas and Gael Garcia Bernal, Super Bowl champion Tom Brady, singers Annie Lennox and Sting, activists Gloria Steinem and Michelle Alexander, as well as distinguished legislators, cabinet ministers, and former UN officials.

un-signatories

The letter included an unprecedented list of signatories

“The drug control regime that emerged during the last century,” the letter says, “has proven disastrous for global health, security and human rights. Focused overwhelmingly on criminalization and punishment, it created a vast illicit market that has enriched criminal organizations, corrupted governments, triggered explosive violence, distorted economic markets and undermined basic moral values.

“Governments devoted disproportionate resources to repression at the expense of efforts to better the human condition. Tens of millions of people, mostly poor and racial and ethnic minorities, were incarcerated, mostly for low-level and non-violent drug law violations, with little if any benefit to public security. Problematic drug use and HIV/AIDS, hepatitis and other infectious diseases spread rapidly as prohibitionist laws, agencies and attitudes impeded harm reduction and other effective health policies.

“Humankind cannot afford a 21st century drug policy as ineffective and counter-productive as the last century’s.”

“The influence and diversity of the leaders who signed this letter is unprecedented,” said Ethan Nadelmann, Executive Director of the Drug Policy Alliance, which orchestrated the initiative in collaboration with dozens of allied organizations and individuals around the world. “Never before have so many respected voices joined together in calling for fundamental reform of drug control policies – in particular limiting ‘the role of criminalization and criminal justice… to the extent truly required to protect health and safety’.”

The UN Special Session, which will take place April 19-21 (2016), is the first of its kind since 1998, when the UN’s illusory but official slogan was “A drug-free world – we can do it!” The upcoming UNGASS was proposed in late 2012 by the Mexican government, with strong support from other Latin American governments. Last year UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon issued a strong call-to-action, urging governments “to conduct a wide-ranging and open debate that considers all options.” Today’s public letter to him was prompted in part by the obstacles to such debate within the confines of the United Nations.

“This letter was drafted and all the signatures secured in just the past few weeks,” noted Nadelmann. “The signatories represent a tiny fraction of the distinguished leaders in politics and public policy, academia, law and law enforcement, health and medicine, culture and entertainment, business, and religion who would agree with the sentiments expressed in this letter.”

“We’ve come a long way since 1998,” said Nadelmann, “with a growing number of countries rejecting drug war rhetoric and policies. But the progress achieved to date pales beside the reforms still required.” As the letter says: “A new global response to drugs is needed, grounded in science, compassion, health and human rights.”

NEWSWORTHY GROUPINGS OF SIGNATORIES

Below represent just a few of the distinguished individuals around the world who signed the public letter to Ban Ki-moon. For a complete list click here.

Former Presidents & Prime Ministers

  • Godron Bajnai (Hungary)
  • Fernando Henrique Cardoso (Brazil)
  • Ruth Dreifuss (Switzerland)
  • Vicente Fox (Mexico)
  • César Gaviria Trujillo (Colombia)
  • Aleksander Kwasniewski (Poland)
  • Ricardo Lagos (Chile)
  • Olusegun Obasanjo (Nigeria)
  • George Papandreou (Greece)
  • Pedro Pires (Cape Verde)
  • Andries A. van Agt (Netherlands)
  • Ernesto Zedillo (Mexico)

Current and Former Cabinet Ministers

  • Arni Pall Arnason (Former Minister of Social Affairs, Iceland)
  • Pedro Aspe (Former Minister of Finances, Mexico)
  • Norman Baker (Minister of State at the Home Office, U.K.)
  • Marek Balicki (Former Minister of Health, Poland)
  • Peter Baume (Former Minister for Health, Australia)
  • Neal Blewett (Former Minister for Health, Australia)
  • Michal Boni (Former Minister of Administration and Digitization, Poland)
  • Emma Bonino (Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Italy)
  • Frank Carlucci (Former U.S. Secretary of Defense; Former Deputy Director of the CIA, U.S.)
  • Fernando Carrera (Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Guatemala)
  • Bernt Johan Collet (Former Minister of Defence, Denmark)
  • Hedy d’Ancona (Former Minister of Health, the Netherlands)
  • Bob Debus (Former Minister for Home Affairs, Australia)
  • Uffe Elbaek (Former Minister of Culture, Denmark, Denmark)
  • Baroness Lynne Featherstone (Minister of State at the Home, U.K.)
  • Diego Garcia-Sayan (Former Minister of Justice; Former Foreign Affairs Minister, Peru)
  • Alejandra Gaviria (Minister of Health, Colombia)
  • Mark Golding (Former Minister of Justice, Jamaica)
  • Anthony Hylton (Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Jamaica)
  • Vasyl Knyazevytch (Former Minister of Health, Ukraine)
  • Bernard Koucher (Former Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, France)
  • Sandro Kvitashvili (Minister of Health, Ukraine)
  • Norman Lamb (Former Health Minister, United Kingdom)
  • Cecilia M. Lopez (Former Minister of Agriculture, Colombia)
  • Maria Julia Munoz (Minister of Education and Culture, Uruguay)
  • Svatopluk Nemecek (Minister of Health, Czech Republic)
  • George Papandreou (Former Prime Minister, Greece)
  • Robert Reich (Former Secretary of Labor, U.S.)
  • Yesid Reyes (Minister of Justice, Colombia)
  • Miguel Samper (Former Deputy Minister of Justice, Colombia)
  • George Shultz (Former U.S. Secretary of State; Former US Secretary of Labor; Former U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, U.S.)
  • Thorvald Stoltenberg (Former Minister of Foreign Affairs; Former Minister of Defence, Norway)
  • Umberto Veronesi (Former Minister of Health, Italy)

U.S. Public Officials

  • Toney Anaya (Former Governor, New Mexico)
  • Cory Booker (U.S. Senator, New Jersey)
  • Howard Dean (Former Governor, Vermont)
  • David Dinkins (Former Mayor, New York City)
  • Gary Johnson (Former Governor, New Mexico)
  • Bob Kerrey (Former Governor and Senator, Nebraska)
  • Ed Markey (U.S. Senator, Massachusetts)
  • Jeff Merkley (U.S. Senator, Oregon)
  • Gavin Newsom (Lieutenant Governor, California)
  • Bill Richardson (Former Governor, New Mexico)
  • Bernie Sanders (U.S. Senator, Vermont)
  • Kurt Schmoke (Former Mayor, Baltimore)
  • Peter Shumlin (Governor, Vermont)
  • Elizabeth Warren (U.S. Senator, Massachusetts)

Celebrities

  • Dallas Austin
  • Mary J. Blige
  • Tom Brady
  • Michael Douglas
  • Eve Ensler
  • Jane Fonda
  • Peter Gabriel
  • Adrian Grenier
  • Herbie Hancock
  • Woody Harrelson
  • Natalie Imbruglia
  • DJ Khaled
  • Billie Jean King
  • Norman Lear
  • John Legend
  • Annie Lennox
  • Rita Marley
  • Rita Ora
  • Busta Rhymes
  • Carly Simon
  • Gloria Steinem
  • Sting
  • Alexander Wang

Business & Philanthropic Leaders

  • Paul Beirne (U.S.)
  • Chris Blackwell (Jamaica)
  • Richard Branson (U.K.)
  • Eli Broad (U.S.)
  • Susie Buell (U.S.)
  • Warren Buffett (U.S.)
  • Jannie Chan (Singapore)
  • Barry Diller (U.S.)
  • Christopher Forbes (U.S.)
  • Tom Freston (U.S.)
  • David Geffen (U.S.)
  • Ryan Holmes (Canada)
  • Mo Ibrahim (Sudan)
  • Alexander Rinnooy Kan (Netherlands)
  • Dustin Moskovitz (U.S.)
  • Zbigniew Niemczycki (Poland)
  • Salvador Paiz (Guatemala)
  • Antonio del Valle Perochena (Mexico)
  • Alex Ramirez (Mexico)
  • Stuart Resnick (U.S.)
  • Eugenio Clariond Reyes Retana (Mexico)
  • João Roberto Marinho (Brazil)
  • Ricardo Salinas (Mexico)
  • George Soros (U.S.)
  • Lord Rumi Verjee (U.K.)
  • J. Arturo Zapata (Mexico)

Religious Leaders

  • Father Xavier Albó, Jesuit Father; Anthropologist; Co-founder, CIPCA; Recipient, Condor of the Andes (Bolivia)
  • Reverend Dr. William Barber II, Pastor, Greenleaf Christian Church DOC; President/Senior lecturer, Repairers of the Breach (U.S.)
  • Dr. Iva Carruthers (U.S.)
  • Fray Julián Cruzalta, Founder, Catholics for the Right to Decide (Catolicas por el Derecho a Decidir) (Mexico)
  • Reverend James A. Forbes, Senior Minister Emeritus, Riverside Church, NY (U.S.)
  • Héctor Gutiérrez, Reverend, Church of the Metropolitan Community (Iglesia de la Comunidad Metropolitana) (Mexico)
  • Reverend Dr. Bernice Powell Jackson, Pastor, First United Church of Tampa; Former President, World
  • Council of Churches, (U.S.)
  • Reverend James Langstaff, Bishop of Rochester; Bishop to Prisons (U.K.)
  • Ian Martin, Chairman, The Wayside Chapel (Australia)
  • Reverend Dr. Otis Moss III, Senior Pastor, Trinity United Church of Christ, Chicago (U.S.)
  • Imam Abdul Malik Mujahid, Founding Chairman, Sound Vision Foundation, Chicago (U.S.)
  • Rabbi Jonah Pesner, Director, Religious Action Center of Reform Judaism (U.S.)
  • Reverend Martin Ignacio Diaz Velasquez, Senior Pastor, Evangelical Protestant Church of El Salvador (El Salvador)
  • Reverend Dr. Jeremiah Wright, Pastor Emeritus, Trinity United Church of Christ, Chicago (U.S.)

Law and Justice

  • Louise Arbour, Former Justice, Supreme Court of Canada; Former UN High Commissioner for Human Rights (Canada)
  • Mark Bennett, US District Court Judge, Northern District of Iowa (U.S.)
  • Ernesto Pazmiño Granizo, Public Defender General (Ecuador)
  • Webb Hubbell, Former Associate Attorney General of the United States; Former Chief Justice, Arkansas
  • Supreme Court; Former Mayor, Little Rock, Arkansas (U.S.)
  • Ketil Lund, Former Supreme Court Justice (Norway)
  • Lord Jonathan Marks, Barrister; Peer, House of Lords (UK)
  • Cruz Reynoso, Former Justice, California Supreme Court (U.S.)
  • Hal Sperling, Former Judge, Supreme Court of New South Wales (Australia)
  • Jón Steinar, Gunnlaugsson, Former Supreme Court Judge (Iceland)
  • Robert Sweet, US Federal Judge, UD District Court, Southern District of NY (U.S.)
  • Patricia Wald, Former Chief Judge, US Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit; Former Judge,
  • International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (U.S.)
  • Vaughn Walker, Former District Judge, US District Court, Northern District of California (U.S.)
  • Raul Eugenio Zafaronni, Judge, Inter American Human Rights Court; Former member, Argentinean Supreme Court of Justice (Argentina)

Law Enforcement

  • Sette Câmara, Former Police Commissioner, Federal Police (Brazil)
  • Gustavo de Greiff, Former Attorney General (Colombia)
  • TJ Donovan, State’s Attorney, Burlington, Vermont (U.S.)
  • Kim Foxx, Cook County State’s Attorney, Illinois (U.S.)
  • Jim Manfre, Sheriff, Flagler County, Florida (U.S.)
  • Mick Palmer, Former Commissioner Australian Federal Police (Australia)
  • Karl Racine, Attorney General, District of Columbia (U.S.)
  • Ellen Rosenblum, Attorney General, Oregon (U.S.)
  • Graham Seaby, Former Detective Superintendent, New Scotland Yard (U.K.)
  • David Soares, District Attorney, Albany, New York (U.S.)
  • Hubert Wimber, Police Chief, Muenster (Germany)

Health

  • Apinun Aramrattana, Head, Department of Family Medicine, Chiang Rai University (Thailand)
  • Chris Beyrer, President, International AIDS Society; Desmond Tutu Professor in Public Health and Human Rights, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore (U.S.)
  • Jo Ivey Boufford, President, New York Academy of Medicine (U.S.)
  • Pedro Cahn, Former President, International AIDS Society (Argentina)
  • Grant Colfax, M.D.; Former Director, White House Office of National AIDS Policy (U.S.)
  • Jeffrey S. Crowley, Program Director of the National HIV/AIDS Initiative, O’Neill Institute, Georgetown University Law Centre; Former Director White House Office of National AIDS Policy (U.S.)
  • Björn Fries, Former National Drug Policy Coordinator (Sweden)
  • Eric P. Goosby, UN Secretary General’s Special Envoy on TB; Professor of Medicine; Director, Global Health Delivery and Diplomacy, Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco (U.S.)
  • Anand Grover, Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health (India)
  • Hakima Himmich, President, Association for the Fight Against AIDS (Association de Lutte Contre le Sida) (Morocco)
  • Paul Hunt, Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health (U.K.)
  • Adeeba Kamarulzaman, Dean, Faculty of Medicine; Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University of Malaya (Malaysia)
  • Stephen Lewis, Former UN Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Africa (Canada)
  • Marina Mahathir, UN Person of the Year (2010) for Achievements in Gender, Women’s Empowerment, and HIV/AIDs; Human Rights Activist (Malaysia)
  • Julio Montaner, Director, British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS (Canada)
  • David Nutt, Director, Neuropsychopharmacology Unit, Imperial College London; Former Chair, Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (U.K.)
  • Praphan Phanuphak, Co-Founder, Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre (Thailand)
  • Peter Piot, Director, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Former Executive Director, UNAIDS; Discoverer of the Ebola virus (Belgium)
  • Steve Safyer, President and CEO, Montefiore Health System, Albert Einstein College of Medicine (U.S.)
  • Sahar Shamayleh, Coordinator, Jordanian NGOs Network against AIDS (Jordan)
  • Masayoshi Tarui, Vice Chair, Japan AIDS & Society Association (Japan)
  • David Vlahov, Dean & Professor, University of California, San Francisco School of Nursing (U.S.)
  • Andrew Weil, Director, Center for Integrative Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona (U.S.)

Other Leaders

  • Lord Paddy Ashdown, Former leader, Liberal Democrats; Former High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina; Former Member of Parliament (U.K.)
  • Robert Curl, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1996; University Professor Emeritus, Rice University (U.S.)
    Asma Jahangir, Former UN Special Rapporteur on Arbitrary, Extrajudicial and Summary Executions (Pakistan)
  • Mario Vargas Llosa, Nobel Prize in Literature, 2010 (Peru)
  • Lou McGrath, Nobel Peace Prize, 1997; Founder, Mines Action Group (U.K.)
  • Manfred Nowak, Former UN Special Rapporteur on Torture (Austria)
  • John Polanyi, Nobel Prize in Chemistry, 1986 (Canada)
  • Lionel Rosenblatt, President Emeritus, Refugees International (U.S.)
  • Javier Sicilia, Founder, Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity in Mexico; Poet; Journalist (Mexico)
  • Vernon Smith, Nobel Prize in Economics, 2002; Professor of Economics; Founder and President, International Foundation for Research in Experimental Economics (U.S.)
  • Shashi Tharoor, Former Under-Secretary General, United Nations; Member of Parliament (India)
  • Mabel van Oranje (The Netherlands)
  • Federico Mayor Zaragoza, Former Director-General of UNESCO; Chairman, Foundation for a Culture of Peace (Spain)

*Institutional affiliations and titles are included solely for identification purposes and should not be understood as indicating the respective organization’s agreement with the content of this letter.

ABOUT THE DRUG POLICY ALLIANCE

The Drug Policy Alliance (DPA) is the nation’s leading organization of people who believe the war on drugs is doing more harm than good. DPA fights for drug policies grounded in science, compassion, health and human rights.

PHOTO:Songquan Deng / Shutterstock.com

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